Soc Sci Med. 1994 Oct;39(8):1077-82.
Traditional uvulectomy in Niger: a public health problem?
Prual A, Gamatie Y, Djakounda M, Huguet D.
Département de Santé Publique, Faculté des Sciences de la Santé, Niamey, République du Niger.
Although traditional uvulectomy, a procedure which consists of cutting away a part of the uvula, has been reported in several sub-Saharan African countries, in Maghreb and in Israel, epidemiological and anthropological data on this practice are rare. Severe complications may require hospitalization. The goal of this study was to assess the prevalence of this traditional procedure in Niamey, capital of Niger, the incidence of its severe complications and the beliefs and practices related to it. By the age of 5, 19.6% of the children in our survey had undergone uvulectomy. Severe complications of uvulectomy represented 7.8/1000 cases of hospitalization for children under 15 years of age. Complications were infections (including tetanus), hemorrhage and passage of the cut piece of uvula further down the respiratory tract. The children who had undergone uvulectomy belonged significantly more often to the Hausa ethnic group (66.2%) than to the majority Zarma ethnic group (18.3%) or to the other ethnic groups (15.5%). This can be explained by the fact that, in some Hausa subgroups, uvulectomy is systematically performed on the 7th day after birth, during the naming ceremony, to prevent death due to a 'swelling of the uvula'. In the other Hausa sub-groups and in the other ethnic groups, uvulectomy is solely a curative practice, both for children and adults, for vomiting, diarrhea, anorexia, the child's rejection of the breast, growth retardation and fever. Uvulectomy is performed in Niger by the barbers, whose functions are also to perform specialized surgery. These traditional surgeons claim there is no risk to this practice