Contact Endoscopy - A promising tool for evaluation of laryngeal mucosal lesions



1 Department of ENT-HNS, Base Hospital, Delhi Cantt, India
2 Department of ENT-HNS, Army Hospital (R&R), Delhi Cantt, India
3 Department of Pathology, Base Hospital, Delhi Cantt, India




   Abstract

Early diagnosis of laryngeal cancer is important for favourable treatment outcome. Due to morbidity and difficulties associated with surgical biopsy, a need has always been felt for an easy, non invasive yet accurate tool for knowing histopathological nature of mucosal lesions. Contact Endoscopy (CE) is one such technique which is capable of providing real time and magnified images of cellular structure of superficial layers of various mucosal surfaces with obvious advantages and potential for wide clinical application. In this review, a summary of role and efficacy of CE in diagnosis, treatment and follow up of various laryngeal mucosal lesions is presented. We searched Pubmed, Medline, Cochrane and Google scholar for articles on CE for mucosal lesions of larynx. For better understanding of the technique, articles on CE of other non-laryngeal sites of head and neck were also reviewed. Article selection was limited to human studies without restriction to language and year of publication. Reference lists from identified articles were also searched. Six prospective original articles, three descriptive studies and one review article on CE of laryngeal lesions are included in this review and their findings summarized. Common findings on examination of cellular architecture and vascular patterns described by various authors are also tabulated. The literature revealed high sensitivity (90-94.7%), specificity (81-100%) and accuracy (88-94%) of CE in diagnosis of laryngeal lesions across the published studies. CE is a promising non invasive tool for evaluation of laryngeal mucosal lesions. However, further prospective, randomized, double blinded studies as well as research to improve the technique to overcome the existing limitations are required before defining its precise role in clinical practice.
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